Tuesday, November 20, 2012

Reconstruction After Breast Cancer Surgery


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Breast cancer forms in tissues of the breast, usually the ducts (tubes that carry milk to the nipple) and/or lobules (glands that make milk).

It existence was acknowledged thousands of years ago. The ancient Egyptians in 1600BC described it as a “coagulum of black bile” within the breast and thought that getting rid of the excess bile¬ — through surgery, special diets, purging or even attaching leeches to draw out the bad blood— could cure the disease. In 1889, American surgeon William Halsted, a founder of renowned Baltimore teaching hospital Johns Hopkins, performed the first radical mastectomy removing the breast and underlying chest muscle in an attempt to cure the disease. It was not until the introduction of breast implants in 1963 that any reasonable breast reconstruction could be performed.


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