35 year old Bangkok, Thailand beautician Khemmika Na Songkhla also known as Khunying Tobnom claims to be able to enlarge your breasts without surgery—by slapping them. Her grandmother mocked her for wasting time rubbing her nipples with a miracle cream when she was in her early teens in hopes of sprouting big breasts. Her grandmother then advised her to rub them till they hurt and repeatedly push fat from her sides and abdomen towards her chest, and then douse the breasts with ice water. She claims that by following her grandmother's advice she boosted her breast size by 4inches and her confidence soared. Ms Khemmikka says that by using this non-surgical technique (squeezing, pinching and slapping fat and muscle on the upper chest, the sides of the torso, and the belly of clients with cream or gel for an hour over six 10-minute sessions for a total cost of $380) she has enlarged the breasts up to 4 inches in thousands of Thai women over the past 14 years without injections, chemicals or implants. After the treatment Khemmika instructs her customers in special exercise techniques and massage to keep their breasts in shape.
The French company Poly Implant Prothese, or PIP manufactured breast implants and supplied a large portion of the European breast implant market. The company was based in the south of France and for awhile was the number 3 breast implant producer in the world. 80% of production was exported out of France. While having undisclosed financial problems it began to cut costs by using a cheaper industrial grade silicone in the implants rather than medical grade silicone. This cut manufacturing costs by up to euro 1 million ($1.3 million) a year. A lawyer for the company told authorities that the switch to cheaper silicone began in 1991, shortly after the company began production. These implants were also marketed under the name M-implant by the company Rofil Medical in the Netherlands and distributed in Germany by the company Rofil Medro. Affected Rofil implants are designated as IMGHC-TX, MX-IMGHC, and IMGHC-LS.
This is a guest post by Stacie Morris, a writer for Botox Ottawa. Stacie’s primary concern? Wrinkles, of course! Her favourite treatment is a customized skincare regimen at home (which includes peptide-rich products) and Botox.
Did you know that there are two types of wrinkles on your face? You’ve got dynamic and static wrinkles.
Remember when you were younger, and your facial skin was pretty much smooth all over when you weren’t expressing any emotion at all? When your face was neutral, your skin had no trace of crease or line. But as soon as your facial muscles contracted to allow the conveying of an expression, like smiling and frowning, a wrinkle appeared. When your facial muscles contract, the skin overlying them stretches and creases to accommodate their movement.
reversible (responsive to medications) obstruction due to heart failure
reversible (responsive to medications) obstruction due to asthma
The obstruction can be due to just one of the factors or any combination of 2 or more factors.
In asthma the walls of the breathing tubes into the lungs swell (become inflamed), muscles surrounding the tubes contract squeezing the tubes and then increased mucus secretions inside those tubes plugs them. This results in obstruction to airflow with audible wheezing and a tight feeling in the chest as the individual tries to get the air through narrowed plugged tubes. Attacks can be mild resolving quickly with medication or severe and life threatening.
This is a guest post by Sachin from the Cosmos Clinic in Sydney Australia
Laser hair removal is a great way to get rid of hair on the bikini line, so follow these tips for the best results!
Are you tired of shaving your bikini line and seeing those red bumps and black spots? Does the idea of waxing down there seem way too painful to be worth it? Then you might want to look into Candela laser hair removal for your bikini line. Here are some general tips to choose a clinic, prepare for the removal and maintain the results.
Different wavelengths of light penetrate to different depths below the skin surface and are absorbed by different skin or tissue components. For example CO2 and Erbium laser light is absorbed by the water in cells exposed to it. Flahslamp laser light is absorbed by red blood cells. Nd:Yag laser light is absorbed by skin pigment cell melanin and tattoo pigment. Since the eyes contain water, pigment cells, red blood cells etc they can be damaged if exposed to most laser lights either directly or indirectly (from reflected laser light). Even the laser pointers used by lecturers can damage the eye if pointed directly into the eye. Some lasers such as the CO2 have a beam whose wavelength is not visible by the human eye but they can still cause damage to the eye. The CO2 and Erbium will damage the cornea and surface of the eyeball first. Flashlamp and vascular lasers are absorbed by red blood cells and are the most damaging to the eye as they are absorbed by and damage the retina.
This is a guest post by Sachin from the Cosmos Clinic in Sydney Australia
Botox here, botox there… it seems that all we hear about these days in the cosmetic surgery industry is botox. Hollywood stars use it, New York socialites swear by it… but what is it? If you’re like me, you don’t want to put something in your body if you don’t know what it’s made of. So I did a little research on botox and I want to share my findings with you.
A new topical gel botulinum toxin (Botox) is currently being studied. This will allow patients to apply the medication topically to erase crow's feet, frown lines and forehead wrinkles without the need for needle injections of Botox. 90% of patients in a phase 2 clinical trial treated with the experimental gel had visible reduction of moderate to sever crow's feet wrinkles compared to 28% of similar patients randomly assigned to a placebo group.
Effects of the gel last for about four months which is comparable to the effective duration of Botox injections.
Phase 3 studies are in the works to compare the gel to injected Botox.
It is not yet known when this will be available for public consumption but I think you will see this as an active ingredient available in cosmetic counter cosmeceuticals in the very near future.
Obesity is another term for being overweight. It is medically defined as a weight to body surface ratio (BMI) of 30kg/m2 or more. Morbid obesity is defined as being 100 pounds or more above one's ideal body weight which in turn is defined relative to one's height. This correlates to a BMI of 35 to 45. Higher BMIs are referred to as super obesity. The incidence of obesity in general has been steadily increasing in North America, Australia, Europe, the Middle East and South America (i.e. worldwide) over the last few decades leading to a rise in weight loss surgery procedures performed and profitability of weight loss groups like Weight Watchers, Jenny Craig etc.
This is a guest post by Sachin from the Cosmos Clinic in Sydney Australia.
Don’t believe the hype—there is no final cellulite treatment. Nothing but a genetic makeover could get rid of cellulite. Actually, 80 to 90% of women have cellulite at one point in their life, so you’re definitely not alone. But that also gives pharmaceutical companies and cosmetic surgery clinics an enormous clientele pool to help or abuse… depending on what treatment you choose.
While cellulite can’t be completely removed, there are ways to help reduce is appearance and even temporarily drain it away. Here are some of them.
Blood clot formation is a complex process involving first the accumulation of cells in the blood called platelets to form a plug and then a number of proteins/enzymes also called clotting factors that act upon one another in a specific sequence one after the other like dominoes dropping called a cascade to form a mesh that reinforces the platelet plug. The end result of which we see and call a clot. The platelets are the white circles in the video below. The cascade allows immense production of clot in a shorter period of time from a small amount of initiating stimulus so it has been programmed into our systems through evolution i.e.the organism that can stop bleeding the quickest after injury has the best chance of surviving. Along the way there are built in inhibitory enzymes at different parts of the cascade so that the cascade does not get out of control and turn your bloodstream into a solid clot.
Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. It is encoded by 2 genes in one's DNA, 1 gene from each parent. Either or both of these genes can have a sickle cell trait so that the hemoglobin produced by either or both as the case may be is abnormal. If only one gene is abnormal the individual is said to have sickle trait. If both are involved the individual has sickle cell disease. The sickle gene is most commonly found in those of sub-Saharan African descent. It is thought that that is because the sickle trait confers resistance to the malaria that is present there. 0.5% of the Afro-American population has both genes and 8% have the trait. Under low oxygen levels the sickle hemoglobin changes shape and makes the red blood cell it is in turn into a sickle shape. Conditions that make the abnormal cells sickle include lowered body temperature, infections, acidic metabolic conditions, dehydration and as mentioned lowered blood oxygen levels. The sickle shaped blood cells have a shorter life span and tend to get caught in the smaller blood vessels of the body. The manifestation of this depends on the percentage of total body red blood cells/hemoglobin that is abnormal. Those with only the trait (one gene) have an easier time. When the percentage is high it is associated with anemia, stunted growth, sores on the legs, heart problems, shortened life span, organ failure etc.
The effect on cosmetic surgery and the measures needed to ensure safe surgery depend on the percentage. At low percentages you do not need to do anything different from other patients. At higher percentages the patient may need pre-surgery treatment with one or more of the following supplemental oxygen, blood transfusion, over-hydration, folic acid supplementation, vaccinations etc. In some cases the abnormal cells are trapped in the spleen so the peripheral blood tests may only show anemia with immature red blood cells as the bone marrow compensates by ramping up production of red blood cells. The absence of visible peripheral sickle cells in such cases does not mean the patient is a lower risk for surgery. None of these patients should undergo prolonged operations and if necessary surgery should be staged. If the percentage is very high the patient should probably not be having elective cosmetic surgery. If you are prone to sickle cell crises or have sickle cell related skin sores you should not have any cosmetic surgery. Your surgeon needs to work together with a hematologist in order to ensure a smooth recovery after surgery.
Urinary incontinence (leaking of urine) can be problematic and embarrassing for women past their childbearing years. Pregnancy and/or the aging process weakens or damages nerves, muscles and/or their supporting structures in the pelvic area. This results in incontinence (inability to hold back urination). There are different types such as stress incontinence, urgency incontinence etc. After trials of non-surgical treatments such as injection of bulking agents around the urethra (tube extending down from the bladder that urine flows through) have failed sling or bladder neck suspension surgical procedures may be needed to treat stress incontinence.
When someone mentions plastic surgery, we tend to think of face-lifts and breast implants, but plastic surgeons are able too much more. What would burn and accident victims do if there were no plastic surgeons to repair their faces and bodies? What kind of life would a deformed infant have if there were no plastic surgeons to correct nature's mistakes? There are millions of people in the United States alone, not to mention the rest of the world, who feel they were not given the body or face they deserve. Being unhappy with one's looks can cause many problems like depression, low self-esteem and even suicidal tendencies. There are forms of cancer like mesothelioma, breast cancer and skin cancer that can kill if not treated by surgery.
A study of online physician review, rating and ranking services such as Angie’s List, healthgrades.com, RateMds.com, Vitals.com, and Yelp.com by professors of the University of Maryland’s Robert H. Smith School of Business and the School of Public Health at the University of Minnesota found that they are biased and unreliable. This is particularly worrisome as physician ratings are gaining popularity among patients and an increasing number of patients consult these rankings before making an appointment to see a prospective surgeon. According to a 2010 Pew Internet and Life Project survey, 59% of U.S. adults have looked online for health information.
Diabetes in all its forms (diet controlled, medication controlled and insulin controlled) impacts all surgery patients. Since diabetics are more prone to coronary artery disease and blood chemistry alterations they require more extensive lab work including electrocardiograms before surgery and should be medically cleared for surgery by their internist. After surgery their healing time is prolonged, fluid balance is altered and they are more prone to infection. Therefore care after surgery including insulin doses should be performed under the guidance of the physician who medically cleared the patient for surgery accounting for the type of surgery performed and the patient's condition.
Abdominoplasty or tummy tuck is a cosmetic procedure that involves placement of horizontal lower abdominal and around the belly button incisions. The abdominal skin is then tightened by separating the skin and fat layer from the muscle layer, pulling down the upper edge of the incision and creating a new hole for the belly button higher up on the skin that has now been stretched downward. In most cases suture tightening of the abdominal muscles is also performed. In some cases additional tightening for very loose muscle is achieved by placing additional vertical and/or horizontal rows of sutures. The result is frequently improved by liposuction peformed at the same operation. It is not a medically necessary procedure and therefore not covered by health insurance unless the excess skin and/or fat is required to close an open wound or reconstruct a breast after breast cancer surgery rather than being removed for cosmetic reasons.
Female body builders in general have little body fat and the process can also melt away breast tissue. Refilling the breast skin envelope is then challenging in this situation because there is so too little fat or breast tissue to cover the edges of a breast implant placed on top of the muscle. So saline implants above the muscle are out of the question. Implants placed under the muscle are even more problematic because the pressures or forces applied to them during weight lifting can rupture the implant or more commonly shift them out of position. I saw one patient who while bench pressing squeezed her implant out of position so it formed an unsightly U-shape around the lower border of the pectoralis major chest muscle.
The only answer although not optimal is a cohesive gel breast implant placed on top of the chest muscle and in selective cases the addition of acellular dermal matrix to ensure the edges of the implant and rippling are not visible, although that is costly and is not be the right choice for all such patients.
An Israeli model Orit Fox, 28, was doing a photo shoot for Spanish television network Telecino in Tel Aviv that required her to embrace a snake. Shortly after starting the shoot she licked the snake's head with her tongue. It then recoiled and bit her left breast containing a silicone breast implant. An assistant then rushed in to remove the snake from her breast. The model was taken to a nearby hospital where she received a tetanus shot. The snake died from silicone poisoning. No autopsy is planned for the snake and apparently no charges will be filed. Snake bites are a more common occupational hazard of modeling than I had previously thought.
The new and aggressively marketed Awake cosmetic surgery is performed under local anesthesia only without even an IV. Some doctors will add a mix or cocktail of oral medications such as valium. These procedures are heavily advertised as a cheaper, safer and more medically advanced alternatives to liposuction, abdominoplasty and breast enhancement surgery, especially liposuction. Awake surgery ads promise that patients remain lucid throughout the operation able to interact with their doctor and even voice opinions about such things as breast implant size at prices less than half of conventional surgery with general anesthesia. They may even propose surgery a doctor’s cozy office, not in an intimidating outpatient surgical center or hospital, which is dangerous distortion of the facts.
When most people think about plastic surgery and mixed martial arts (MMA), boxing etc they think of broken noses, facial bone fractures, cauliflower ears, skin abrasions and cuts. In unarmed fighting the skin is torn open when an outside blunt force pushes that skin against the edge of a bone. You see this frequently in boxing matches with skin around the eye socket being torn open. In boxing they put pressure on the tear while the boxer is in the corner to stop the bleeding. Some fighters have a facial bone structure with less edges or flatter surface contour. These fighters are less susceptible to having tears in the skin when struck. For both boxers and MMA fighters these tears are usually sutured by non-plastic surgeons who just suture the outer layer of the skin. After these heal there is a thinner layer of tissue between the skin surface and the edge of the bone. This condition leaves the fighter more susceptible to another tear in the skin when it is struck. The blow could even be an otherwise inconsequential one.
Some of these fighters are now undergoing surgery to rasp or burr down these bone edges. At the same time the deeper layers that separated at the time of the initial injury are repaired and/or the surgeon inserts an acellular dermal matrix (commercially available human skin collagen without skin cells) to increase the tissue between the skin surface and the bone. This so to speak softens the blow.
The question remains whether athletic commissions will allow this or will they consider this performance enhancement comparable to anabolic steroids and ban it.